''People memories and retell what can be understood and what can be turned into a legend. Everything else passes by, with no trace left, with the deaf ignorance of the nameless natural events, which make no impact on their imagination and are not remembered.''
Ivo Andrić, Bridge on the Drina
Legend about Fata, daughter of Avdaga
This is a story of two sublets of Višegrad, the one called Velji Lug and Nezuci which are positioned in two opposite ends of the town. In Velji Lug lives the family of Osmanagić led by the famous host of the family called Avdaga Osmanagić. His daughter Fata was unusually beautiful and smart girl that managed to connect these two sublets of Višegrad...
The road from kasaba goes to Nezuci, and from Nezuk there are no other roads for anywhere else to go or proceed. At the steep rock is located the house of Mustajbeg Hamzić equal in size to the house of Osmanagić. Mustajbeg Hamzić had the only son called Nail who was amongst the first to notice the beautiful Fata... As time went by, Fata’s father made a promise to give her to Hamzić family, although it was against her will. However Fata firmly said she would marry Nail „when Velji Lug all the way down to Nezuci comes“, or in other words, that she would never do so. Daily people used to talk about the event, mentioning the downfall and humiliation of Fata, by saying „Velji Lug will come downfall the way to Nezuci“. Fata had to fulfill her father’s wish and will and to accept the wedding, but also to fulfill her own promises given to herself never to do it.
While preparing for the wedding, Fata was seeking at the same time the way out. Thoughts were roaming from the sofa made of stone where people sit and talk, under which the deep and green river makes a noise… That is the place where she found a solution for her difficulties.
On the last Thursday in the month of August, Hamzićs came to get the girl. Fata was sit on top of horse with the group moving towards Nezuci. Moving slowly they have reached the gate when Fata asked the youngest brother to shorten the stirrup of her horse. While brother was busy with it at a time, she made the horse to move close to edge of the bridge, steps with the right leg at the stone fence, drops down from the saddle down into the noisy river under the bridge… In such way she fulfilled the father’s wish to go and merry in Nezuk, and at the same time her own promise to never merry the one that is not in love with her.
That is how this unusual and unforeseen thing happened at the gate. Velji Lug did not get down to Nezuci and Avdaga’s Fata did not merry Hamzić. People spoke of it for a while, and only the shiny song of the beautiful and wise girl was left as a shiny reminder, that lasts forever...
Shortened text of the legend from the novel „Bridge on the Drina“
Legend about Stoja and Ostoja
The bridge on Drina River was constructed by the great vizier Mehmed-pasha Sokolović, and was build by Rade Neimar, who lived for hundred years in order to be able to build all that is nice and permanent. However, the construction was at large distracted by the fairy brodarica that would ruin all at night that was constructed during the day. Than „something“ spoke out of the river and offered advice to Rada Neimar to find two children, twins, a brother and a sister, Stoja and Ostoja and to built them into the middle pillars of the bridge if he wanted to construct the bridge completely. The search started right away, and a price was promised for those that find and bring them.
In a far away village two twins were found and taken by force away from their mother as ordered by vizier. Mother did not want to get separated from them but was following them while crying and stumbling, and not reacting to curses and punches.
Rade Neimar put children inside the pillars of the bridge. Still he felt sorrow and has left the opening at the pillars through which their unfortunate mother would be able to breastfeed them. As a reminder of this event, the milk of the mother is leaking from the walls and leaves indelible trace on the stones.
Shortened text of the legend from the novel „Bridge on the Drina“
Legend about the Tower of Marko Kraljević
Upstream from the bridge on the steep bank made of gray limestone on both sides, there are two visible in depths, lined up two by two, in the regular spaces as if the traces horse shoe of unnaturally big horse are marked; from the old city and go down the river cliffs and reappear on the other side of the bank, and than disappear under the dark soil and bushes.
Children that are fishing along the solid bank, during the summer days know that those are the traces of old times and ancient warriors. At that time the land was inhabited by big heroes, the stones were still soft as was the soil, and horses were and the heroes of giant size. For the Serbian children those are the traces of Šarac hoofs, left since the time when Marko Kraljević was imprisoned in the Old City and has escaped from it, went down the hill and went across the Drina, when there was no bridge. Turkish children know it was not Kraljević Marko nor he could have ever been the one in question („for how could Vlah and a bastard have such a force and a horse!“), but he was Đerzelez Alija on his bedevija with wings, and he despised the scows and scow people and was jumping across the rivers as if they were just small streams. They do not argue of it, as they both believe in the accuracy of their beliefs. There is no example that anyone manages to undeceive them to change their opinions.
Ivo Andrić, Na Drini ćuprija
Legend about medieval town of Dobrun
The priest Aleksa Đurović from Bijelo Brdo wrote in the „East“in 1887 the story told by people about the city of Dobrun. It is said the city was built by Đurađ Smederevac after the Kosovo battle. The Turkish Sultan Selim decides to conquest the city and he brought with him the powerful army from Sandžak. The army surrounded the city but was not able to conquest it as it was built upon the rocks, so one could no access it from any side.
In that time one bondsman lived in Dobrun fields and his name was Jovan Kalauz. He went to the Sultan and says he is there to betray the city. The Sultan promised the prize to Jovan and asked him of the best idea on how to concord the city. Jovan says that on particular day the wedding ceremony will leave the city to fetch the girl in Hisardžik near Prijepolje. The Sultan needs to bring back the army, wait for the wedding ceremony once they come back with the girl, attack them and go back to Dobrun. The wedding ceremony will be attended by all army and elite of the Dobrun, so it will not be difficult to concord the city. The Sultan accepted the advice from Jovan. Close to Priboj he attacked the wedding ceremony. It was a big battle with a lot of spill blood. There are many graves from that time at the place, and the graveyard is called „the graveyard of the weeding“.
Instead of the wedding ceremony, the Turkish army was going along the river Budimlia towards the place Dobrun, while singing the wedding songs. At the bridge before the city everyone went to see the wedding ceremony. There happened the bloody cutting. The Turks won the city, leveled it to the grounds, went to the city and burnt it all down. The church of Dodrun was also destroyed. The Sultan confirmed by the decree that all of Dobrun field will belong to Jovan Kalauz, which are even at these days still called as such „Kalauzovina“. At the bridge in Dobrun, where the battle took place, the Sultan Selim erected a mosque that still stands there. From the city of Dobrun, only ruins and graves are left around its earlier forts.
Monography of the local community, from 1979 pages 19, 21 and 22
Legend about the rock with writings
At the steep rock in the village of Žlijeb, at the banks of rivers Tara and i Dikava, exist pre historic drawings for which experts claim to be the first traces of pictographic and picture writings. The people have very interesting legend linked to this rock, which they call „the rock with writings“. According to that legend there was all of the sudden the spring of water that became a river eventually, which was flooding the agricultural households and other land on its way to Drina. In order to protect their property the inhabitants started throwing in the water spring unwashed wool of sheep, not boiled eggs, honeycombs and soil with rocks. They were successful and the spring became dry. However, the water started to source at the other side of Tara, in Perućac, where it still springs up, and makes 365 meters long river, for what the river is named „The yearly river“. The legend says that this event was also written down at „the rocks with writings“. Until these days nobody managed to reed the writings. But the legend says that at the time the writings become completely erased or correctly red from „the rock with writings“the water will flow again as it did before. The water that springs out from the rocks on top of writings is erasing the text, particularly during the springtime, the inhabitants are worries, and believe that the prophecy will become real for sure.
Text author: Radoje Tasić, the journalist